How to Troubleshoot a Hard Disk is not Detected

Fondly, we all remember CPU has the mind of the computer from our younger days. However, what we never learnt as a phrase was that if CPU was the brain to the functioning of the computer, the hard disk was the body. It is impossible for the mind to be useful without the body, and this is what this article deals with. What if you internal hard disk is not detected? Some of you might simply restart the system, while some would care to reinstall the software. Here, we take a look at the factors that are behind the scenario where hard disk is not detected.

Start with determining that the ATA or SATA port is set to auto-detect, or is enabled. If one finds that their hard disk is not detected by the system BIOS, the following steps (not in any particular order), can be used to isolate the issue.

Drive not Enable in the BIOS:

To access the BIOS of your system, you should be aware of the settings of your device. Different systems have a different method of accessing the BIOS. Every system displays a brief message about entering the system setup soon after the power has been turned on. System Setup is often called the "˜System BIOS' or "˜CMOS Setup'.

If the hard disk is not detected, it could be because it is turned to off in the system setup. There are a few mother manufactures that tend to disable the unused ports in the BIOS by default. One has to enter the BIOS in order to verify their current status.

If a second hard disk is not detected after being connected, it could require to be enabled by turning it ON in the BIOS.

Accessing BIOS in Windows 10:

The latest versions of Windows come with a greater processing speed, and therefore pressing a key on boot cannot prove to be helpful. Therefore, you can't enter BIOS; we recommend you follow the given steps in order to access the BIOS if the hard disk is not detected.

1. Start with navigating to the settings. Click on the start menu icon can help you get there.

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2. You then have to select Update and Security.

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3. Move to "˜Recovery' from the left menu.

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4. You then have to click on "˜Restart' under the advanced startup. This reboots your computer to a special menu.

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5. Choose troubleshoot.

6. Move to the advanced options.

7. Select UEFI Firmware settings and finally click on Restart.

Faulty Cables within the Motherboard:

There is a chance that the cables within the motherboard have become faulty and therefore your hard disk is not detected. You can start by inspecting the motherboard and hard disk connections for misaligned or bent pins. Please note that the folding, crimping, pinching, or creasing data cables are often responsible for the wires breaking inside the insulation. However, in the same scenario, the exterior of the cable would appear normal. If you are unsure about the condition of your data cable, we recommend that you replace it.

BIOS will ensure that the hard disk is not detected if the data cable is damaged or the connection is incorrect.

Often, there are certain ATA cables that can fall out their connection. One can check the condition of their SATA cables and ensure they are tightly connected to the SATA port connection.

If replacing the cable doesn't cause the problem to cease, the issue where hard disk is not detected lies elsewhere.

Hard disk is not detected as drive is not spinning up:

This can arise when the drive is not receiving enough power or an insufficient level of power to function, and hence doesn't spin up. You can check for this issue by performing the following steps:

If you cannot determine whether the drive is spinning or not while fixing the scenario where the hard disk is not detected, here are a few steps:

If this doesn't fix the problem, you might have to get in touch with the manufacturer.

Conclusion:

The case where hard disk is not detected is a hardware issue and requires you to have an understanding of BIOS. While using Windows 10, accessibility of BIOS might seem difficult and for that very reason, I have attached the steps that one can follow to reach the BIOS when the hard disk is not detected. Windows 10 has been causing a few troubles for the hard disk owners and therefore, we have listed out a series of methods to get you going.

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